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GeoMechanical Survey – G.M.S.

232.00 exc. VAT exp. 2024-07-27

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The software GMS (GeoMechanical Survey) aims to represent and process the geo-structural survey of rock masses joints performed in situ using the compass and clinometer method, according to the ISRM recommendations.

The joints in a rock mass condition, in a more or less evident way, the mechanical behaviour of the rock and the geotechnical model at the basis of any calculation.

It is important to evaluate the stability condition correctly and to precisely describe the rock structure and joints, both in qualitative and quantitative terms.

GMS interfaces with the free eGeoCompass smartphone app by generating a file with a GMS-compatible extension.

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Categories: , SKU: 52

Description

To determine the rock’s geotechnical model, the stages of the joints survey will be illustrated, referring to geo-structural conditions (spacing, aperture, persistence) and to hydraulic and joint strength conditions (roughness, wall strength, degree of alteration, filling materials).

The procedure used for performing the survey is described in the ISRM recommendations, “Suggested Methods for the Quantitative Description of Discontinuities in Rock Masses”.

PROJECTIONS AND PLOTTING

WULFF DIAGRAM

It is the stereographic projection of the terrestrial meridians and parallels on a plane passing through the centre and to the two poles. It is an isogonal projection, in which the angles between the individual planes are retained on the projections, for which the areas defined by the intersection between two parallels and two meridians are strongly distorted from the centre towards the edges of the net.

• SCHMIDT-LAMBERT DIAGRAM

It is used to prevent the areal distortion of the Wulff diagram and is, therefore, suitable for statistical interpretations. Arcs of ellipses represent the great circles.

• EQUAL AREA, EQUIANGULAR AND STEREOGRAPHIC POLAR DIAGRAM

They are similar to the previous ones, representing the joint poles.

• STAR DIAGRAM

Representation of joints’ measurements. the observations are represented on a circular reference marked from 0 ° to 360 ° and radial lines at intervals of 10 °. The observations are grouped in the 10° sector to which they belong. The number of observations is represented in a radial direction relative to the circles corresponding to 5, 10 and 15 observations.

• ISODENSITY DIAGRAM

Several joint families can be recognised from the distribution on the poles grid corresponding to a significant data set. To achieve this goal are plotted the isodensity diagrams, the place of centres of unit areas that contain the same number of poles. The unit area is conventionally equal to 1% of the total area of the diagram. The method used to investigate the distribution of the poles’ density is developed by Denness, who has divided the reference sphere into 100 elementary cells.

GRAPHICAL RESULTS

• PERCENTAGE OCCURRENCE GRAPHICS

It is a type of graphic (histogram) where are represented, as a percentage, all occurrences of joints in the subdivision classes of the joint features to be represented (aperture, spacing or persistence).

• MODAL VALUE

In a histogram shown, for each joint family, the distribution of the characteristic (aperture, spacing, persistence). The user can plot sequentially all the measured families.

STABILITY ANALYSIS

 • MARKLAND TEST

The Markland test aims to quantify the possibility of rock wedge failure in which the sliding occurs along the intersection line of two planar joints. The test is used to evaluate critical joints, so more detailed stability checks must follow it. Hocking has implemented further development of the Markland test. The test, in fact, allows the possibility that the sliding occurs along one of the planes that constitute the wedge and not only along the intersection line of the two planes themselves.

ChangeLog

2024.8.1.608

13/05/2024

New release 2024

2022.8.1.608

08/10/2021

New version released

2020.8.1.465

02/12/2019

Vers. 2020, compatibility win 10

2018.8.1.365

22/11/2018

Bux fix in triangulations

2018.7.1.265

28/09/2018

The release 2018 version started

2016.7.1.165

22/06/2016

VERSION 2016

  • Optimization of calculation algorithm of the reinforcement for walls with stepped sections. For walls founded on piles, introduced a symbol for the check condition to limit vertical load.

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